Completed Theses

Completed Bachelor Theses

  • Trajectory modeling
    With global navigation satellite systems and their free positioning services, as well as small, low-cost GNSS receivers, it's never been easier to capture and record motion anywhere, anytime. The resulting data volumes can quickly become very large. This makes these records impractical when it comes to storage and evaluation. Approaches to reduce the amount of data while preserving a maximum of spatio-temporal information are required.
    Led by: Colin Fischer
    Team: Sebastian Leise
    Year: 2016
    Duration: 2016

Completed Master Theses

  • Hololens 2 - Analysis of capabilities and quality
    The Hololens is a device, which captures information of the environment and creates a 3D model of it. At the same time, it is able to place virtual objects into the environment and thus allows AR-applications. The goal of the thesis is to investigate the potential of the Hololens for capturing indoor environments. This includes the acquisition of 3D point clouds and a thorough quality assessment. Subsequently, the point could has to be processed in order to segment important objects or features (e.g. walls, furniture). To this end, the use of Deep Learning models has to be considered.
    Led by: Kamalasanan, Sester
    Year: 2023
  • Future trajectory and Motion guidance with Augmented reality
    Controlling pedestrian motion pattern using augmented reality would require explainable visualizations to convince the user to change directions and speed of motion. Such AR visualizations should avoid cognitive overload and should provide motion guidance that are accurate representations of expected user actions to avoid conflicts / collisions. The focus of this master thesis would be to design and evaluate 3D motion guidance augmentations using AR emphasizing how such visualizations can avoid collisions between pedestrian / smartphone zombie. The student is expected to design and validate motion guidance visualizations in augmented reality
    Led by: Kamalasanan, Sester
    Year: 2023
  • Identification and analysis of movement patterns in trajectories
    In this work, movement patterns in trajectory datasets are identified with respect to the respective visited locations of a trajectory. For this purpose, further semantic information is assigned to the whereabouts points depending on the position, time of day, and duration of stay; the assignment of semantic information with respect to position is done using OpenStreetMap data. Another focus was on the identification of related trajectory segments, since the given dataset was anonymized as a consequence of data protection; for this purpose, coordinate prediction was performed for all trajectory endpoints in order to identify a suitable continuing starting point of another trajectory using a proximity search and temporal proximity. Recurrent motion pattern detection performed based on the whereabouts points does not produce meaningful patterns detected in multiple trajectories throughout the dataset for the datasets used; however, meaningful recurrent patterns are found for individual trajectories. An increasing level of detail in assigning categories with respect to whereabouts results in fewer recurring patterns, which, on the other hand, allow for greater meaningfulness given the interpretation of an observed person’s movement behavior.
    Led by: Golze, Feuerhake, Wage, Sester
    Team: Friderike Fischer
    Year: 2022
  • Hololens 2 – Evaluating 3D Mapping and Technical Capabilities
    In this study, the technical and 3D mapping capabilities of Hololens 2 was evaluated. The Microsoft Hololens 2 is a head-worn mobile mixed reality device that is capable of mapping its direct environment in real time. It is equipped with different sensors including four visible light tracking cameras and a depth sensor. The 3D map created using these sensor streams can be accessed by research mode. This makes Hololens 2 a powerful tool for mapping an indoor space. In this work, we evaluate the capabilities of Hololens 2 with respect to the task of the 3D indoor mapping, semantic segmentation and 3D modelling as the quality of scanned data highly influences the accuracy of reconstruction and segmentation.
    Led by: Vinu Kamalasanan, Monika Sester
    Team: Vishal Rudani
    Year: 2022
  • Development of a modular sensor platform for mobile detection of vehicle encounters
    Riding a bike in a shared traffic area with motor vehicles causes discomfort for many bicyclists. Avoiding busy roads is only possible with good local knowledge, as no data is available on the frequency of encounters with motor vehicles on most roads. Acquiring a dataset that collects smartphone sensor data on vehicle encounters could become the basis for a smartphone-based vehicle detector. Magnetometer and barometer readings are used as indicators of passing vehicles. In this thesis, a sensor platform is first constructed to collect smartphone and other sensor data while driving. The system is designed to be used with other sensor configurations in the future. A methodology is then presented to create a dataset of vehicle encounters based on data from a camera and a distance sensor on the sensor platform. This data set contains all important sensor data of a commercially available smartphone including the timestamp of vehicle encounters. Finally, a three-class classifier is trained and evaluated based on the data set. It is investigated which approach can provide a generalizable classifier. Approaches based on Random Forests are investigated for the classifier. The structure and parameters of a sliding window function are adjusted for feature generation.
    Led by: Wage, Feuerhake, Golze, Sester
    Team: Tim Schimansky
    Year: 2022
  • Nutzungsdatengetriebene Analyse des Potentials von Mikromobilitätsdiensten
    Der geteilten Mobilität wird in der öffentlichen Debatte um die Verkehrswende häufig eine entscheidende Rolle zugeordnet. Darunter fallen auch die sogenannten Mikromobilitätsdienste. Das Ziel dieser Masterarbeit ist es, das Potential von Mikromobilitätsdiensten für die Verkehrswende im Hinblick auf die Intentionen der Nutzer, auf zeitliche Variationen, sowie auf Vorteile gegenüber anderen Transportmitteln datenbasiert zu bewerten. Dafür wird eine Fallstudie anhand von Mobilitätsdaten der Bikesharing-Fahrräder und Elektrotretroller zweier Anbieter in Hannover durchgeführt.
    Led by: Wage, Feuerhake, Golze
    Team: Finn Boie
    Year: 2022
  • Comparison of network representations for analysing temporal power plant data
    As renewable energy is increasingly used in power generation, the temporal and spatial balance of electric power supply and demand requires large-scale power transmission to maintain. Describing such systems requires network modeling theory. This dissertation takes the German power transmission network as an example and explores the impact of different representations. The representation forms include unweighted network, weighted network, multiplex network and interconnected network. In this dissertation, the static topological characteristics of networks under different representations are examined. Then, the temporal data of the available capacity is also introduced, and a temporal network with the power flow path as the time variable is constructed based on Djikstra’s algorithm. In this research, we find that the weighted network is more suitable for modeling transmission networks than the unweighted network, and the multi-layer network may be more suitable for modeling more complex systems.
    Led by: Anna Malinovskaya, Philipp Otto
    Team: Ruochen Yang
    Year: 2022
  • Trajectory Analysis at Intersections
    In this thesis, we focus on trajectories at different intersections with various regulated types (traffic-light-controlled, priority/yield- controlled, uncontrolled) and test some methods to detect and recognise movement patterns, in terms of their geometrical and spatio-temporal components. That is, in the first case the geometric paths that vehicles follow while driving through the intersections and in the second case the way that they follow these geometric paths.
    Led by: Zourlidou
    Team: Chenxi Wang
    Year: 2020
  • Trajectory anomaly detection using spectral clustering and RNN-based auto-encoder
    Anomaly detection is important, because anomalous behavior may indicate critical events or objects within diverse research areas and application domains. One of such domains is transport, especially integrated urban mobility. Trajectories of moving objects are good representations of their behaviors in surveillance data and useful in detecting anomalous behavior. On one hand, trajectories can provide more agent-based, long-term information comparing with simple physical features. On the other hand, comparing with raw video data, which is usually represented as a sequence of images, trajectory data requires less storage space and computational resources. Moreover, it has a wide variety of sources, such as GPS instruments and laser-scanners.
    Led by: Sester, Koetsier
    Team: Yao Li
    Year: 2020
  • Optimal assignment of point clouds using deep learning
    The main goal of this master thesis was to register airborne 3D point clouds from different sensor systems. These point clouds are derived from airborne laser scanning (ALS) and dense image matching (DIM) of aerial images. Those point clouds may cover the same surface, but do contain different attributes and characteristics. One major problem when dealing with those two point clouds is vegetation. The laser beam in ALS is able to penetrate vegetation leading to ground and vegetation points in the final point cloud. Since they are derived from aerial images, DIM point clouds only contain the surfaces and thus describes the treetops. This major difference between ALS and DIM causes problems for the registration of point clouds and established algorithms such as the iterative closest points (ICP) algorithm are facing issues when dealing with both point cloud types at the same time, because they assume that similar points are close to each other.
    Led by: Brenner, Politz
    Team: Stephan Niehaus
    Year: 2019
  • Klassifikation und Änderungsdetektion in Mobile Mapping LiDAR Punktwolken
    3D-Modelle der statischen Umgebung zu erstellen ist eine wichtige Aufgabe für das Voranbringen von Fahrerassistenzsystemen und dem autonomen Fahren. Hierzu stehen in dieser Arbeit Mobile Mapping LiDAR Punktwolken aus 14 Messepochen zur Verfügung, die mithilfe eines Voxel Grids zu einer Referenzkarte weiterverarbeitet werden. Ein Voxel Grid ist eine Datenstruktur, die den realen Raum in volumenhafte Elemente unterteilt und die Punktdichte der Punktwolken reduziert. Zusätzlich werden Daten aus einer Strahlverfolgung bereitgestellt, sodass zwischen durchschossenen und unbekannten Voxeln unterschieden werden kann, wodurch sich Verdeckungen erkennen lassen.
    Led by: Brenner, Schachtschneider
    Team: Mirjana Voelsen
    Year: 2019
  • Semi-Supervised Deep Learning for Object Detection in Airborne Laser Scanning Data
    The main objective of this experiment is to compare the performance of Semi-Supervised Learning classification method and normal convolutional neural network classification method on Airborne Laser Scanning data (ALS) and find out the best suitable model that we can use to detect object in a large-scale region by using windows sliding approach. The data I used is digital terrain model (DTM) which generated by ALS point cloud and contains 4 different classes. In each class include 6 different visualization formats (digital terrain model, sky-view factor, local Dominance, positive-negative openness and simple local relief model) which use different visualization techniques to be generated from the original digital terrain model.
    Led by: Kazimi
    Team: Xin Yang
    Year: 2019
  • Development of environmentally-balaced and congestion-avoiding routing algorithms by means of traffic simulation
    Due to the constantly growing volume of traffic in urban environments and the resulting problems such as increased air pollution, environmentally oriented approaches to achieve better urban sustainability of transport play an increasingly important role. This thesis deals with the development of environmentally-friendly routing algorithms and their validation in traffic simulations. The routing algorithm used is the A* - algorithm using the developed criteria as weights.
    Led by: Sester, Fuest
    Team: Christian Hartberger
    Year: 2019
  • Development of a Client-Server Module for Cooperative Multi-Robot Longterm Map Registration
    Nowadays a big amount of robots are used in production and logistic. Due to the large working environment, dynamic objects (e.g. humans or other robots), and semi-static objects (e.g.machine and furniture), a high performance navigation system is required. But only focus on the high performance long term SLAM on single robot is not enough to guarantee the flexible and accurate performance of whole robot fleet in large changing environment.
    Led by: Tobias Ortmaier (IMES), Claus Brenner, Steffen Busch (IKG), Philipp Schnattinger (FraunhoferIPA)
    Team: Jiang Liwei
    Year: 2019
  • Classification and detection of road users using neural networks and Active Shape models
    Autonomous vehicles interpret their environment based on their sensor data. 360° laser scanners provide comprehensive and highly accurate information about the distance of objects. Predicting the behavior of road users differs between cars, trucks/buses, cyclists and pedestrians. The exact position of the different road users depends on their orientation and geometric dimensions. Active Shape models offer the possibility to estimate the center of objects by estimating deformable models, based on CAD plans and taking into account their orientation.
    Led by: Bodo Rosenhahn (TNT), Claus Brenner, Steffen Busch (IKG)
    Team: Xiaoyu Jiang
    Year: 2019
  • Laser scanner-based prediction of pedestrian movements by filtering and classifying posture
    Against the background of road safety, an algorithm is presented below that uses point clouds to make the most accurate prediction possible about the future position of pedestrians. A core element is to classify the current state of movement of pedestrians over a random forest. The focus is on early detection of changes between individual states.
    Led by: Claus Brenner, Steffen Busch
    Team: Matthias Fahrland
    Year: 2019
  • Travel Delay Analysis Using VISSIM and Pattern Recognition at Regulated Junctions
    This thesis explores the travel time and travel delay at T- and four-way junctions under different regulator settings (yield/priority traffic signs and uncontrolled junctions), conducting experiments both with simulation originated and real data. First this thesis uses VISSIM simulation software to estimate the delay and stop time at yield controlled and uncontrolled T- and and Four-way intersections. At the second part of the thesis, the same objective is being pursued by using real data.
    Led by: Zourlidou
    Team: Qingyuan Wang
    Year: 2019
  • Pattern Recognition of Movement Behavior for Intersection Classification using GPS Trace Data
    The aim of this thesis is to classify different regulator types of traffic road intersections based on GPS trace data. To reach this aim a variety of features is calculated to describe the driving behavior at intersections. These are derived from the measured units of the GPS trace data that compose an individual’s movement trajectory.
    Led by: Zourlidou
    Team: Jens Golze
    Year: 2019
  • Robust registration of airborne point clouds
    Goal of this thesis is the robust registration of airborne point clouds, which are derived from Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) and Dense Image Matching (DIM). We implemented a coarse, translative registration method using a Maximum Consensus Estimator and compared our results with a standard ICP. In addition, we tested several methods to prune object points from point clouds, which are represented differently in both point cloud types.
    Led by: Politz, Brenner
    Team: Jannik Busse
    Year: 2019
  • Deep Learning for Flood Relevant Images and Texts from Social Media
    Floods are among Earth's most common and most destructive natural hazards. This work explores the idea of utilizing user-generated information from social media to recognize early signs of flood relevant events. The goal of this work lies in the development and implementation of a Deep Learning solution with the ability to detect the presence of flood relevant events from user-generated images and texts.
    Led by: Yu Feng, Prof. Brenner
    Team: Sergiy Shebotnov
    Year: 2018
  • Automatic enrichment of route instructions to form a cognitive map
    Commonly used navigation instructions are based on metric turn descriptions (like "turn left onto Nienburger Straße in 100 m"). For the user it is easy to follow the course, but later it is hard to remember how s/he got there. Natural orientation is based on remarkable objects or locations called landmarks. Multiple of them are combined to the psychological model of a cognitive map, a network of landmarks and connecting actions. The resulting goal is to enhance the people's own sense of orientation by enriching common routing instruction with hints on landmarks. The automatic description of relevant landmarks along a route is implemented as a interactive web-map.
    Team: Oskar Wage
    Year: 2017
    Duration: 2017
  • Gesture-based interaction with virtual 3D environments
    With the availability of increasingly powerful computing technology in the home/leisure sector, a race to develop affordable virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality hardware broke out on the technology market a few years ago, targeting potential markets, in particular, for realistic 3D content presentation (e.g. computer games). The core of this technology is the processing of three-dimensional information in the form of 2D stereo image pairs, which can be consumed via suitable output hardware (glasses/helmets). However, this principle can also be used elsewhere, for example for better exploration of or interaction with 3D spatial data.
    Led by: Colin Fischer
    Team: Florian Politz
    Year: 2016
    Duration: 2016